As technology is advancing day by day, various new technologies are coming up with which we must get ourselves updated. However, these budding technologies are also creating room for new job opportunities. So the best part of the emerging technology is that now a great part of it is being used in solving the real-world problems. So many innovations in technologies have led to the opening of ample of career option in computer science. Below are some of the most sought after career opportunities in Computer Science:
Cloud computing helps us store, manage, protect our data and files and allows access to a shared collection of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be readily supplied over the internet. Example-Netflix manages its large customer base with the help of AWS (Amazon Web Services).
Minimum Educational Qualification is B. Tech in Computer Science and additional Certificate courses like AWS (Amazon Web Services), Google Certified Professional Cloud Architect, etc.
Statistical Analysis & Data Science
Data Science is an integrated field where scientific methods, algorithms, and systems to extract knowledge from data in various organized and unorganized form is used. A Data Scientist is responsible for evaluating and analysing a large amount of data to improvise the business systems. The skills necessary to pursue a career in the same is knowledge of statistics and applied maths and problem-solving skills. So, to start a career in this, one has to make a career in statistics and maths which are offered by institutes like ISI Kolkata/Bangalore, Chennai Mathematical Institute, St. Stephen College.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence is the intelligence demonstrated by the machines which to contract to the natural intelligence exhibited by humans. It is the ability adopted by machines to learn and process, predict actions, and maximize the chance of a successful completion of tasks. Machine learning, natural language processing, deep learning, and neutral learning are a subset of AI.
Machine Learning (ML) is the subdivision of Artificial Intelligence(AI) which uses the statistical technique to make the computer learn without being explicitly programmed. A machine learning to supposed to write ML algorithms for the machine to be able to understand and interpret the system. Example – Voice recognition Systems such as Siri or Cortana explicitly use ML technologies to respond to human interaction. So for ML, you need to have basics of python and knowledge of its basic libraries like pandas, NumPy, matplotlib and various algorithms associated. There are online courses available in coursera, udemy, etc.
Ethical hacking and Cyber Security
Ethical hacking is emerging as one of the most important careers in the field of sciences. People are realizing the need for cyber security with the growing threats to confidential information by a malicious hacker. The job of an ethical hacker is to detect the flaws like vulnerable hardware, software and procedural security. The ethical hacker should be proficient in languages like JAVA, Python, etc. with relevant certificates.
A degree in Computer Science, information technology or computer application also helps kick-start the career as an ethical hacker.
Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality – AR and VR
Augmented Reality (AR) adds digital elements to live view often by using a camera or a smartphone. Examples of AR are the game Pokémon Go. Virtual Reality implies a complete immersion experience that shuts out the physical world. Using devices like Google Cardboard, Oculus Rift, etc., the person can be transported to imagined environments. Skills required are one should be expertise in much different gaming languages like Unity which uses C# and Unreal Engine.
Blockchain is the bunch of transactions called blocks that are linked and secured using cryptocurrency use of which reduces a lot of work and cost expenses. ‘Blocks’ on the blockchain are made up of a digital piece of information. The application of blockchain is to create a type of universal record with a timestamp, a library that enables data recovery across the database. The minimum qualification is to have basics in the field of software engineering with proficient knowledge in data structures including Stack, Queue, Linked list, HashMaps, and other certification courses.
IoT – Internet of things
The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices and digital machines or objects that are provided with unique identifiers ( UIDs ) and the ability to transfer data over a network. Example- A home automation system will control lighting, temperature, and appliances. When connected with internet home devices forms an important constituent of IoT. The basic requirement for becoming an IoT engineer is the basic computer science degree with a deep understanding of hardware. Knowledge of microcontrollers like Raspberry Pi, Arduino, etc., along with programming languages like C++, C, Python, Node JS is required.