Reasoning Ability Test Paper-3

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1. Hargobind was born in 1965. Interestingly, he knows his day of birth (Saturday), but not his date of birth. What would have been the day on his 37th birthday?

  1. Monday
  2. Tuesday
  3. Wednesday
  4. Friday
  5. Sunday

2. P is to the North of Q, who is to the East of S. X is to the South of Y and West of T, who is to the North of S. In which direction is P with respect to T?

  1. West
  2. North
  3. North-east
  4. South-east
  5. Cannot be determined

3. In a certain code language, ‘FRACTION’ is coded as ‘BOYBUKRR’. How will ‘GEOMETRY’ be coded in the same code language?

  1. CBMLEVUC
  2. CBLMFUVB
  3. CBMLFVUC
  4. BCMLFVUC
  5. CBMKEVUC

4. In the word MIXTURE, each vowel is replaced by next letter in alphabet and each consonant is replaced by previous letter in alphabet and then all letters are arranged in alphabetical order. Which letter is 5th from the right?

  1. (1) J
  2. (2) L
  3. (3) Q
  4. (4) V
  5. (5) None of these

In each of the following questions, the given mathematical symbols are changed from ‘x’ to ‘-‘, ‘/ ‘ to ‘+’, ‘+’ to ‘x’ and from ‘-‘ to ‘/ ‘. Choose your answer from the given options.

5. 318 – 6 ÷ 59 × 47 + 3 = ?

  1. (1) -19
  2. (2) – 31
  3. (3) – 29
  4. (4) 19
  5. (5) 29

6. 22 – 4 + 7 × 76 ÷ 44 = ?

  1. (1) 6.5
  2. (2) 4.5
  3. (3) 8.5
  4. (4) 5.5
  5. (5) 7.5

7. In a certain code language, ‘GOLDBRICKS’ is coded as ‘CCMNHTJDHS’. Then how will ‘KEYSTROKES’ be coded in the same code language?

  1. (1) URZDLTNLDS
  2. (2) URZDLTDLNS
  3. (3) URZDLTDLPS
  4. (4) URZFLTFLNS
  5. (5) LDZRUSNLDT

8. How many meaningful English word(s) can be made with the letters EART, using each letter exactly once?

  1. (1) One
  2. (2) Two
  3. (3) Three
  4. (4) None
  5. (5) More than three

9. X starts walking towards East. After walking 80 m, he turns to his left and walks 40 m. After that he turns to his right and stops after traveling a certain distance. In which direction is he heading with respect to his starting point?

  1. (1) North
  2. (2) East
  3. (3) South-west
  4. (4) North-east
  5. (5) None of these

10. Raghav starts walking towards South. After walking 10 m he turns towards his left and walks for 40 m. After that he again turns to his left and walks for 80 m. Finally, he turns towards his right and walks for 30 m before stopping. What is the minimum distance between his starting point and the end point?

  1. (1) 70 √2 m
  2. (2) 65 √2 m
  3. (3) 70 m
  4. (4) 140 m
  5. (5) None of these

 

Explanations

1. 3 In given period, there are 9 leap years and 28 nonleap years, so required number of odd days:
q21Hence, Hargovind’s 37th birthday was a Wednesday.

2. 5 As distances between the persons are not known, we can’t determine the answer.

q21

3. 3
F(6) – 4 = B(2)
R(18) – 3 = O(15)
A(1) – 2 = Y(25)
C(3) – 1 = B(2)
T(20) + 1 = U(21)
I(9) + 2 = K(11)
O(15) + 3 = R(18)
N(14) + 4 = R(18)

Similarly,
G(7) – 4 = C(3)
E(5) – 3 = B(2)
O(15) – 2 = M(13)
M(13) – 1 = L(12)
E(5) + 1 = F(6)
T(20) + 2 = V(22)
R(18) + 3 = U(21)
Y(25) + 4 = C(3)

Hence, GEOMETRY will be coded as CBMLFVUC.

4. 2 After replacing the letters of the word ‘MIXTURE’ , we get ‘LJWSVQF’ and ‘FJLQSVW’ (by arranging the letters in alphabetical order). Hence, ‘L’ is the 5th letter from the right.

5. 3
q21

318 – 6 ÷ 59 × 47 + 3
= 318 ÷ 6 + 59 – 47 × 3
(After interchanging the mathematical symbols)
= 53 + 59 – 47 × 3
= 53 + 59 – 141
= 112 – 141 = – 29

6. 1
q21

22 – 4 + 7 × 76 ÷ 44
= 22 ÷ 4 × 7 – 76 + 44
(After interchanging the mathematical symbols)
= 5.5 × 7 – 76 + 44
= 38.5 – 76 + 44
= 82.5 – 76
= 6.5

7. 2

G(7) + 1 = H(8)
K(11) + 1 = L(12)
O(15) – 1 = N(14)
E(5) – 1 = D(4)
L (12) + 1 = M(13)
Y(25) + 1 = Z(26)
D(4) – 1 = C(3)
S(19) – 1 = R(18)
B(2) + 1 = C(3)
T(20) + 1 = U(21)
R(18) + 1 = S(19)
R(18) + 1 = S(19)
I(9) – 1 = H(8)
O(15) – 1 = N(14)
C(3) + 1 = D(4)
K(11) + 1 = L(12)
K(11) – 1 = J(10)
E(5) – 1 = D(4)
S(19) + 1 = T(20)
S(19) + 1 = T(20)

Here, the letters are increased and decreased in position number by one in alternate steps. Also, the first five and last five coded letters are reversed to find the code. Hence, code for ‘KEYSTROKES’ is ‘URZDLTDLNS’.

8. 3 TARE, RATE, TEAR

9. 4
q21

He is heading in North-east direction with respect to his starting point.

10. 1
q21

Minimum distance between the starting point and end point
q21

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